felipe i de orleans

In 1661, Philippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. Ya en su in­fan­cia (casi toda trans­cu­rri­da du­ran­te la in­su­rrec­ción de la Fron­da) Fe­li­pe de­mos­tró su "ori­gi­na­li­dad", su juego pre­fe­ri­do e… [73] A second son, Philippe, followed in 1674, and then a daughter, Élisabeth Charlotte, in 1676, after which the two mutually agreed to sleep in separate beds. Sin embargo, el amor indiscutible desde la década de los 60 hasta el fin de la vida de Felipe de Orleans fue Felipe de Lorena, conocido como el Caballero de Lorena. Despite tense relations, she travelled to Saint Cloud on 24 June, when she started to complain of pains in her side. The French court officially asked for Henrietta's hand on behalf of Philippe on 22 November 1660 while she was in England. Hasta el nacimiento del Gran Delfín, Felipe fue el heredero al trono de Francia. The Third Anglo-Dutch War was a direct consequence of this treaty. Presumed to have typhoid, Louis was almost pronounced dead when, in mid-July, he began to recover. Philippe was a patron of musicians such as Anglebert, Dumont, Arlaud, and Marie Aubry, many of whom would stay part of his son's household after his death in 1701. [45] Henrietta's disappointment at the birth of a daughter was great, and she even remarked that she should "throw her into the river! [17], In late June 1658, Louis became gravely ill. Court gossip later said that the king was the father of Henrietta's first child. Este patrimonio lo convirtió en uno de los nobles más ricos del reino, lo que le permitió vivir con un fasto equivalente al de la Corte y convertirse en un gran mecenas. [48] On the same day Philippe took part in the famous Carrousel du Louvre, where he dressed extravagantly as the King of Persia with the king as the King of the Romans and all ladies of the court in attendance. [106] She herself died at Saint Cloud in December 1722[107] and was also buried at Saint Denis. [42], Henrietta's flirting with the king started early in the summer of 1661 while the newlyweds were staying at the Palace of Fontainebleau for the summer. Throughout her life she would remain in contact with the Electress Sophia, writing some 50,000 letters that detailed life at the court of France. [18] After Louis's recovery, Philippe was once again left to his own devices. Luis XIV le consultaba cuestiones protocolarias y le confió tácitamente velar por el esplendor y refinamiento del ceremonial francés y la etiqueta. His older brother was the "Sun King", Louis XIV. "[46] This greatly offended Queen Anne, who adored her first granddaughter. Philippe was born on 21 September 1640 at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye in the town of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France, the day before his mother Anne’s 39th birthday. Philippe was infatuated with the famously arrogant Armand de Gramont, comte de Guiche. [90] The two were married in 1697 and became the parents of Louis XV. [79] The campaign marked the end of his military career; he soon immersed himself once again in a life of pleasure. The couple had three children: For the first Duke of Orléans named Philippe, see, Marriage with Princess Henrietta of England, Marriage with Princess Palatine Elizabeth Charlotte. However, Louis respected tradition and gave him the title of Duke of Anjou instead, a title commonly granted to the younger sons of French kings since the fourteenth century. [84] In 1695, Philippe bought a small island in the Seine directly opposite the château, which he renamed the "Île de Monsieur". Through the children of his two marriages, Philippe became an ancestor of most modern-day Roman Catholic royalty, giving him the nickname of "the grandfather of Europe". [36] Philippe would marry instead another first cousin, Princess Henrietta of England, youngest child of King Charles I of England and his wife Queen Henrietta Maria, who was Philippe's aunt and had taken refuge at the court of France after the birth of Princess Henrietta in 1644. Pero tras la muerte de esta, Luis XIV le permitió volver a la Corte. Philippe married Elizabeth Charlotte, who converted to Roman Catholicism[64] on 16 November 1671. In 1660, after the restoration of the House of Stuart to the throne of England under her brother Charles II, Princess Henrietta returned to England to visit her sister, the Princess of Orange,[37] who later caught smallpox and died. Philippe's small art collection created the basis for the Orleans Collection, one of the most important art collections ever assembled. Through careful personal administration, Philippe greatly augmented the fortunes of the House of Orléans. [89] As he had with Philippe, Louis XIV was careful to limit the power of Chartres. Felipe de Francia, duque de Orleans fue un príncipe francés de la dinastía de Borbón, primer duque y fundador de la cuarta casa de Orleans. Styled Duke of Anjou from birth, Philippe became Duke of Orléans upon the death of his uncle Gaston in 1660. [11] He was also educated by the maréchal du Plessis-Praslin. [21] Later, to his already rich holdings Philippe wanted to add the countship of Blois, with its château de Chambord, and the governorship of Languedoc, but both would be refused him by his brother.[21]. The girl was baptised on 21 May 1662. [40] The dowry promised was a huge 840,000 livres. [50] The child nonetheless died of convulsions in 1666, having been baptised Philippe Charles d'Orléans hours before death. Luis Felipe de Orleans (París, 1773 - Inglaterra, 1850) Rey de Francia. In 1661, Philippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. [94] On 8 June 1701, Louis XIV and Philippe met at the Château de Marly to dine together. El caballero de Lorena gobernó casi tiránicamente la Casa de Orleans, en detrimento de las dos duquesas de Orleans. Duke of Anjou (1640-1661), Chartres, Valois, Nemours and Montpensier, Prince of Joinville. [78] He was presumably jealous of Philippe's growing popularity at court as well as on the battlefield. Elizabeth Charlotte had grown up with her aunt Sophia of Hanover due to her parents' bad relationship. [4] He was also military commander at the Battle of Cassel in 1677. [56] Upon her recovery, Philippe returned to the battlefield and distinguished himself at the Siege of Lille (1667).[57]. Louis XIV sent him some 25,000 footsoldiers and 9,000 cavalry from Cambrai under the command of Marshal Luxembourg. In January 1670, Henrietta prevailed upon the king to imprison the Chevalier de Lorraine, first near Lyon, then in the Mediterranean island-fortress of the Château d'If. He was finally banished to Rome after offending the king and Henrietta by boasting that he could get Philippe to divorce her. The child seems to be in excellent health". Having already established himself as a successful military commander during the War of Devolution in 1667, Philippe was eager to return to the field. [cita requerida], Paradójicamente, el ambicioso Guiche acabaría engañando a Felipe con su propia esposa la princesa Enriqueta Ana Estuardo. Fecha: 4 Octubre 2020 03:03 Desde su infancia, el hermano menor del rey se travestía y era llamado por su madre por ''mi pequeña reina''. En 1748, Francisco Esteban fue elegido Sacro Emperador. La relación de Guiche y Felipe de Orleans produjo más de una crisis en la familia real. Henrietta was mourned greatly at the court of France, but little by her husband, due to their strained relationship. Although he was open about his homosexual behaviour and freely acted effeminately, he married twice and fathered several children. Autor: Jaime Vicens Vives El regente Felipe de Orleáns, por Jean-Baptiste Santerre. Philippe collapsed onto his son after suffering a fatal stroke[98] at noon 9 June 1701 at the age of sixty. Later on, Philippe sought Mansart to design a grand staircase in the left wing in the manner of the Ambassadors' Staircase at Versailles. [28] As a member of the House of Guise, ranking as a prince étranger, Philippe could keep him near while at court and promote him within his own household without initially evoking scandal or offending sensibilities. Tuvo, asimismo, dos grandes residencias: en principio el Palacio Real, recibido como patrimonio, que decoró con grandes frescos y en el que organizaba grandes fiestas; después el Palacio de Saint-Cloud, que le regaló Luis XIV en 1658 (se supone que con la esperanza de arruinarlo), en el que Felipe realizó numerosas reformas, en particular la construcción de grandes jardines a la francesa. "[72] Madame de Sévigné noted how popular the new Madame was with the court. However, by February, the Duke of Orléans' protests and pleas persuaded the King to restore him to his brother's entourage. Following Philippe's victory in battle in 1671, Louis XIV added the dukedom of Nemours, the marquisates of Coucy and Folembray, and the countships [cita requerida]. [47] For his part, Philippe would always consider Marie Louise his favourite child. [60] It required France to assist England in her aim to rejoin the Roman Catholic Church and England to assist France in her war of conquest against the Dutch Republic. The couple had four children, in addition to two miscarriages: Married Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, daughter of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel,[69] on 16 November 1671 at Châlons. All his life, Philippe would be a noted lover of etiquette and panoply, ensuring that all ceremonial details were adhered to. "[100] Philippe's heart was taken to the Val-de-Grâce convent on 14 June,[97] and his body was taken on 21 June to the Basilica of St Denis, where it remained until the French Revolution, at which time the basilica was desecrated and all graves destroyed. In 1696, Philippe's granddaughter Maria Adelaide came to the French court from Italy for her marriage to Louis, Duke of Burgundy, who was third in line to the throne. [43] Relations were further strained when Henrietta allegedly seduced Philippe's old lover, the comte de Guiche. It lasted until 1653 in its two main phases: the Fronde Parlementaire (1648–1649) and the Fronde des nobles (1650–1653). Philippe's careful investment and management of his various estates made him a wealthy man in his own right, and his fortune was augmented considerably at the death of his cousin Mademoiselle in 1693. The pretext seems to have been the behaviour of Chartres in parading his mistress Mademoiselle de Séry in view of his wife. Minor improvements at the Palais Royal began in 1661 at the time of Philippe's marriage to Henrietta, but the property was part of the crown holdings, and had not been used officially for years. Se convirtió así en un personaje tremendamente popular en la capital y al mismo tiempo en una suerte de representante del rey en la vieja capital, al menos en el terreno social. Alexandre Louis died, however, in 1676. Her letters record how willingly she gave up sharing Philippe's bed at his request after their children's births and how unwillingly she quietly endured the presence of his male favourites in their household. It was not until 1660 at the death of Gaston that Philippe would be known simply as Monsieur or as the Duke of Orléans. Fue heredero de su hermano desde el año 1643 y mientras Luis XIV no tuvo descendencia, hasta que nació su sobrino, Luis, el Gran Delfín, en el año 1661. Ver más ideas sobre Luis felipe i, Infantas de españa, Realeza. Both of his daughters by his first wife Henrietta became queens, and his son the Duke of Chartres pursued an active and distinguished military career, having served at the Battle of Steenkerque in 1692 as well as the Siege of Namur, much to his father's pride. [58] In retaliation for the Chevalier's treatment, Philippe withdrew to his estate at Villers-Cotterêts, dragging Henrietta with him. [49] Philippe wrote to his brother-in-law Charles II of England "that your sister was this morning safely delivered of a fine boy. El caballero de Lorena era uno de los hijos de Enrique de Lorena, conde de Harcourt, perteneciente a la estirpe principesca-ducal de Lorena. [83] Philippe again turned to Mansart for assistance in modernizing it. Louis XIII had wanted to give the infant the title Count of Artois in honour of a recent French victory in Arras within the county of Artois. [82] Philippe was limited in what he could do to renovate the building until it was given to him in 1692. Nonetheless, the announcement of dinner halted the argument, and the brothers sat down to dine. In 1676 and 1677 he took part in sieges in Flanders, and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant general, which made him second-in-command to Louis XIV himself. Felipe de Orleans se casó, al morir Enriqueta, por segunda vez con la princesa Isabel Carlota del Palatinado el 21 de diciembre de 1671. For fear of infection, Philippe could not see his brother. [62] Relaxing at Saint Cloud on 30 June, she collapsed on the terrace at the palace. Luis XIV acabó alejándolo de la Corte (tanto por la voluntad de su hermano, como por el escándalo que provocaban los avances de Guiche ante Enriqueta Ana, a su vez cortejada por el propio Rey...). In honour of his victory at Cassel, Philippe set up a Barnabite College in Paris. Con su prima hermana Enriqueta Ana de Inglaterra tuvo tres hijas y un hijo: Con la Princesa Palatina Isabel Carlota del Palatinado tuvo tres hijos: Este aviso fue puesto el 13 de julio de 2017. Hijo del duque Luis Felipe II de Orleans (llamado Felipe Igualdad), y de Luisa María Adelaida de Borbón Penthievre, manifestó en su juventud gran entusiasmo por los ideales de la Revolución Francesa, y perteneció al club de los jacobinos hasta fines del año 1791, en que fue destinado a mandar un regimiento. Fe­li­pe fue el se­gun­do hijo del rey Luis XIII de Fran­cia y de Na­va­rra, y de su es­po­sa la in­fan­ta Ana de Aus­tria y Aus­tria-Es­ti­ria. [41] Known as Henriette d'Angleterre in France, and Minette to her intimates, she was known officially as Madame and was ever popular with the court. [99] Louis XIV assured the new Duke of Orléans, formerly the Duke of Chartres, that the past was forgotten and that henceforth he was to look on him as his father. His older brother was the "Sun King", Louis XIV. definición de Felipe I de Orleáns y sinónimos de Felipe I de Orleáns (español), antónimos y red semántica multilingüe (traductores por 37 lenguas) [54], Philippe took part in the War of Devolution in 1667 while Henrietta remained at Saint Cloud in a state of pregnancy. [20], In order to discourage the type of tempestuous relationship that had developed between Louis XIII and his younger brother Gaston, Anne of Austria and Cardinal Mazarin made it a private policy to prevent Philippe from pursuing ambitions which might prompt rivalry with or defiance of the king. Herzog von Orléans, Anjou (1640-1661), Chartres, Valois, Nemours und Montpensier, Fürst von Joinville. [cita requerida] Más tarde ocupó su lugar Armand de Gramont, conde de Guiche, hijo del mariscal de Gramont, príncipe de Vidache y virrey vitalicio de Navarra. The interior décor was entrusted to Antoine Coypel, whose father Noël Coypel had previously worked at the palace. He was born in the presence of his father Louis XIII, the Princess of Condé,[5] and the Duchess of Vendôme, prominent members of the Bourbon dynasty. He was the founder of the House of Orléans, a cadet branch of the ruling House of Bourbon, and thus the direct ancestor of Louis Philippe I, who ruled France from 1830 until 1848 in the July Monarchy. When peace returned, the decision was made for Philippe to move his household to the Palais des Tuileries, previously the residence of the duchess of Montpensier opposite the Palais Royal. Henrietta's very open flirting is said to have caused a jealous Philippe to retaliate by beginning to flaunt his sexuality openly in a less than accepting era. Felipe fue el segundo hijo del rey Luis XIII de Francia y de Navarra, y de su esposa la infanta Ana de Austria y Austria-Estiria. [86] As the largest canal built in France since Philippe's grandfather Henri IV built the Canal de Briare in 1604, its construction was considered an engineering feat. [38] The couple signed their marriage contract at the Palais Royal on 30 March 1661. On the field, Philippe took an active part in the trenches at Tournai and Douay and distinguished himself through his valour and coolness under fire. [7], The child Philippe was acknowledged to be attractive and intelligent. [85], With the permission of the parlement of Paris, Philippe sponsored projects to help maintain his estates and enhance their profitability. [23] As a young man, Philippe would dress up and attend balls and parties in female attire, for example, dressed as a shepherdess. Felipe Carlos de Orleans 1664-1666; Casado el 21 de noviembre 1671 con Isabel Carlota del Palatinado, nacida el 27 de mayo 1652, fallecida el 8 de diciembre 1722 a la edad de 70 años (Padres : Carlos I Luis del Palatinado 1617-1680 & Carlota de Hesse-Kassel 1627-1686) con. "[99] The Duchess of Burgundy, his granddaughter, was distraught, avowing that she "had loved Monsieur very much. Por otro lado, Felipe, a diferencia de su hermano, gustaba de vivir en París. Saint Cloud remained with the Orléans family until 1785, when Philippe's great-grandson Louis Philippe d'Orléans sold it to Marie Antoinette, Philippe's great-granddaughter, for the sum of 6,000,000 livres.[81]. His education emphasized languages, history, literature, mathematics and dancing. From birth, Philippe was second in line to the throne of France and was entitled to the style of Royal Highness.[1]. El periodo de la Regencia de 1715 a 1723. está presidido por la persona del príncipe regente, Felipe, duque de Orleáns, personaje no desprovisto de dotes de inteligencia, e incluso brillante y sólido, pero de costumbres morales disipadas y de ideología libertina. 01-nov-2020 - Explora el tablero de Luz Toval "ORLEANS" en Pinterest. [68] Louis rejected many other candidates before settling on the Protestant Princess Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate. The couple had their last child in August 1669, a daughter who was baptised Anne Marie at the private chapel of the Palais Royal on 8 April 1670 by Philippe's first chaplain, the bishop of Vabres. English: Philippe of France, Duke of Orleans (September 21, 1640 – June 8, 1701), aka " Monsieur ", is the brother of Louis XIV. Upon the death of Mademoiselle in 1693, Philippe acquired the dukedoms of Montpensier, Châtellerault, Saint-Fargeau and Beaupréau. [95] Philippe responded by reprimanding Louis for similar conduct with his own mistresses during his marriage to Queen Marie Thérèse,[96] adding that Chartres had still not received the favours promised to him for having married the King's daughter, Françoise Marie. [75] Philippe's second son with Elizabeth Charlotte, known as the Duke of Chartres until he inherited the dukedom of Orléans in 1701, later served as Regent of France during the minority of Louis XV. El mayor, Alejandro Luis, duque de Valois, murió antes de cumplir los tres años; después siguió Felipe, titulado en vida de su padre duque de Chartres, futuro Regente de Francia; y finalmente Isabel Carlota, futura esposa del duque Leopoldo I de Lorena. From 1679, he was granted the right to build the Canal d'Orléans, a large canal that connected the Loire River at Orléans to a junction with the Canal du Loing and the Canal de Briare in the village of Buges near Montargis. [99] She burnt all the letters[103] of Philippe's lovers through the years lest they fall into "the wrong hands",[104] noting that the scent of the perfumed letters nauseated her. Fue el segundo hijo de Luis XIII de Francia y Ana de Austria y Austria-Estiria, hermano menor de Luis XIV de Francia. [13], When Philippe was eight, the civil war known as the Fronde began in France. Their mother Queen Anne revoked the late king's will to arrange for a power-sharing agreement with Cardinal Mazarin, who had been serving as Louis XIII's chief minister. Later, he was placed in the care of François de La Mothe Le Vayer and the Abbé de Choisy. In later life, Philippe was thus able to maintain his lavish lifestyle easily, and he found much satisfaction in the activities of his children and grandchildren. Fue el segundo hijo de Luis XIII de Francia y Ana de Austria y Austria-Estiria, hermano menor de Luis XIV de Francia. Ostentó numerosos títulos, entre los que cabe destacar los de duque de Orleans, duque de Anjou , duque de Chartres , duque de Valois, duque de … ⓘ Luis Felipe I de Orleans. During his childhood, Queen Anne was observed to address Philippe by such nicknames as "my little girl" and encouraged him to dress in feminine clothing even as a young man – a habit he would retain all his life. In all, casualties on both sides amounted to 4,200 dead and 7,000 wounded. As early as 1660, Philippe also ordered Antoine Lepautre to begin extensions at Saint Cloud; later he became contrôleur général of Philippe's properties. Lane, William Coolidge. From 1646 on Philippe spend some of his childhood at the Hôtel de Villeroy / Cremerie de Paris, house of Nicolas V de Villeroy tutor of his brother Louis XIV. At first meeting, Louis XIV attacked Philippe about Chartres' conduct with Mademoiselle de Séry. Marshal Luxembourg surprised the Dutch with a cavalry attack that practically destroyed three battalions and routed William's army. De este modo la corona imperial (que no podía ceñirse una mujer) permanecía en la Casa de Austria (de hecho a partir de María Teresa y Francisco Esteban el linaje de Lorena se introdujo en el trono vienés, pero por acuerdo recíproco se siguió guardando la denominación «Austria»). Exactamente, no quería que se reprodujera el caso de Gastón de Francia (hermano de Luis XIII) y sus intrigas con los grandes del reino contra el rey que habían dado lugar a la Fronda. The Duchess of Montpensier dubbed him the "prettiest child in the world",[8] while his mother's friend and confidant, Madame de Motteville, later said of Philippe that he displayed a "lively intelligence" early on. Monsieur Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (21 September 1640 – 9 June 1701) was the younger son of Louis XIII of France and his wife, Anne of Austria. [32], Among the lovers, one man stands out, Philip of Lorraine-Armagnac, the never-married Chevalier de Lorraine, who was described as "insinuating, brutal and devoid of scruple". Philippe is acknowledged as being not only the biological founder of the House of Orléans, but as financial founder[87] of a family whose monetary value would rival that of the main line of the House of Bourbon.[88]. Ostentó numerosos títulos, entre los que cabe destacar los de duque de Orleans, duque de Anjou (1668), duque de Chartres (hasta el nacimiento de su hijo y heredero el futuro regente en 1674), duque de Valois, duque de Nemours, duque de Montpensier y príncipe de Joinville. Later in March of the same year, Philippe became a father when Henrietta gave birth to their daughter Marie Louise, the future wife of Charles II of Spain. As the son of a ruling king, the infant Philippe held the rank of a Fils de France (son of France). Hearing that Henrietta was ill due to a miscarriage, he returned to Saint Cloud, where she was recovering from an ordeal which almost cost her her life. [22] A contemporary would later call him the "silliest woman who ever lived", a reference to his effeminacy.

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