Mothers protect their cubs aggressively. Lifespan in captivity is generally over 20 years; one individual lived for nearly 31 years.  In a study in the forests of Kalimantan, fruits of Moraceae, Burseraceae and Myrtaceae species made up more than 50% of the fruit diet; in times of fruit scarcity, sun bears switched to a more insectivorous diet. They do not seem to hibernate, possibly because food resources are available the whole year throughout the range. Helarctos malayanus euryspilus Horsfield, 1825 Taxonomic Serial No. A 2014 report documented rampant poaching and trade in sun bear parts in Sarawak, more than anywhere else in Malaysia; the researchers recommended stricter legislations in the state to protect local sun bears. The most arboreal (tree-living) of all bears, the sun bear is an excellent climber and sunbathes or sleeps in trees 2 to 7 metres (7 to 23 feet) above the ground.  In 1825, American naturalist Thomas Horsfield placed the species in a genus of its own, Helarctos.  A study published in 2019 described skillful mimicry of facial expressions by sun bears, with precision comparable to that seen in some primates (such as gorillas and humans). This has possibly been the case since prehistoric times and is not a result of human interference. Here we correlate behavioral and vocal patterns in a Bornean sun bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus) mother and cub with ambient noise levels during the 6‐month post‐partum period.  However, the phylogenetic tree constructed by a nuclear gene sequencing analysis in 2008 swapped the positions of the sun bear and the sloth bear obtained in the previous study; moreover, all relationships other these two positions were well resolved. A crest is seen on the sides of the neck and a whorl occurs in the centre of the breast patch. Help  However, studies differed on whether the two species were closely related.  A report published by TRAFFIC in 2011 showed that sun bears, along with Asian black bears and brown bears, are specifically targeted for the bear bile trade in southeastern Asia, and are kept in bear farms in Laos, Vietnam, and Myanmar. Poaching is common in several countries in the region. Sun bears tear open hollow trees with their long, sharp claws and teeth in search of wild bees and honey. Helarctos malayanus euryspilus.  The characteristic chest patch, typically U-shaped but sometimes circular or spotlike, varies from orange or ochre-yellow to buff or cream, or even white. Helarctos malayanus euryspilus is a subspecies of mammals with 14 observations It is the smallest bear, standing nearly 70 centimetres (28 inches) at the shoulder and weighing 25–65 kilograms (55–143 pounds). Two subspecies have been proposed on the basis of variations in size:  A study in Nagaland (northeastern India) recorded a sparse distribution of sun bears in the Fakim and Ntangki National Parks, and reported extensive illegal hunting for food and trade in bear parts. EXPORT AS CSV . Sun bears tend to remain solitary but sometimes occur in pairs (such as a mother and her cub). Heavy deforestation (due to agriculture, logging and forest fires) and hunting for wildlife trade are severe threats throughout the range; human-bear conflicts are a relatively minor threat.  Sun bears are noted for their intelligence; a captive bear observed sugar being stored in a cupboard then locked by a key, and later used its own claw to open the lock. The sun bear is sympatric with the Asian black bear throughout the remaining areas in the mainland range featuring a mix of seasonal forest types, with monthly rainfall below 100 mm (4 in) for a long spell of three to seven months. Geographic Range Information Helarctos malayanus Sun Bear Vulnerable Taxonomic Notes Sun bears on Borneo (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus) are sufficiently different from those on the Asian mainland and Sumatra, representing the typical form (H. m. malayanus), as to warrant subspecific differentiation (Meijaard 2004).  The Malayan sun bears are part of an international captive-breeding program and a Species Survival Plan under the Association of Zoos and Aquariums since late 1994.  Protective laws have shown little success in controlling these threats, especially due to poor execution and high potential for gains by the trade.  In 1906, Richard Lydekker proposed another subspecies by the name H. m. wardii for a sun bear skull, noting its similarities to a skull from Tibet with a thicker coat; however the Tibetan specimen was later found to be an Asian black bear (Ursus thibetanus).  The edges of the paws are tan or brown, and the soles are fur-less, which possibly is an adaptation for climbing trees. , Sun bears are found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia; the range is bound by northeastern India to the north and extends south to southeast through Bangladesh, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam in mainland Asia to Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia to the south. Si bien el oso malayo no es una especie en peligro de extinción si podemos afirmar que está en una situación vulnerable por la destrucción de su hábitat y la caza realizada por los humanos para el comercio, para alimentarse directamente con su carne o para uso medicinal así como por su famosa piel.  The claws are sickle-shaped; the front claws are long and heavy.  Births occur inside hollow tree cavities.  The sympatric Asian black bear has cream-coloured chest markings of a similar shape as those of sun bears; a 2008 study discussed differences in claw markings of both bears as a means of identification. The Malayan Sun Bears weight can range from 60 to 145 pounds, with males being slightly larger.  Population densities vary from 4.3 and 5.9 individuals per 100 km2 (39 sq mi) in Khao Yai National Park (Thailand) to 26 individuals per 100 km2 (39 sq mi) in the Harapan Rainforest in southern Sumatra. Helarctos malayanus euryspilus Horsfield, 1825. kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Chordata - chordates » class Mammalia - mammals » order Carnivora - carnivores » family Ursidae - bears » genus Helarctos » species Helarctos malayanus - Malayan Sun Bear , Bear from tropical forests of Southeast Asia, 10.1644/1545-1410(2002)696<0001:HM>2.0.CO;2, "XVII. Some individuals may even lack the patch. The Malayan Sun Bears weight can range from 60 to 145 pounds, with males being slightly larger.  The sun bear is an excellent climber; it sunbathes or sleeps in trees 2 to 7 metres (7 to 23 feet) above the ground. They also break termite mounds and quickly lick and suck the contents, holding pieces of the broken mound with their front paws.  Vocalisations include grunts and snuffles while foraging for insects, and roars similar to those of a male orangutan during the breeding season; less commonly they may give out short barks (like a rhinoceros) when they are surprised. The Malayan Sun Bear is referred by local people as the "dog bear." , Sun bears are omnivores and feed on a broad variety of items such as ants, bees, beetles, honey, termites and plant material such as seeds and several kinds of fruits.  The generic name Helarctos comes from two Greek words: ήλιος (hēlios, 'related to the sun') and αρκτος (arctos, 'bear'). Note: Photos and resources on this site may be historical in nature and are intended for educational purposes only.Some of the items included in this list are historical, and may not currently be found at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo. Numbers are especially low in Bangladesh and China, and populations in Vietnam are feared to decline severely by 50–80% in the next 30 years. It is mainly active during the day, though nocturnality might be more common in areas frequented by humans.  A 2007 study in East Borneo recorded severe loss of habitat and food resources due to droughts and forest fires brought about by the El Niño. Helarctos malayanus euryspilus. , The phylogenetic relationships among ursid species have remained ambiguous over the years. They are short haired with deep black or brown-black fur with a horseshoe shaped marking on a chest of pale orange yellow.They have a curious gait, in that all the legs are turned inward while walking.  Since that same year, the European breed registry for sun bears is kept in the Cologne Zoological Garden, Germany. Mammal Species of the World: Information on euryspilus ... HOME --> CLASS MAMMALIA --> ORDER CARNIVORA --> SUBORDER CANIFORMIA --> FAMILY Ursidae --> GENUS Helarctos --> SPECIES malayanus SUBSPECIES Helarctos malayanus euryspilus. Nombre Científico: Registrada por: Helarctos malayanus euryspilus: Horsfield, 1825: Helarctos malayanus malayanus (Raffles, 1821) The underfur is particularly thick and black in adults, while the guard hairs are lighter. Litters comprise one or two cubs that remain with their mother for around three years. In 1825, American naturalist Thomas Horsfield placed the species in a genus of its own, Helarctos. , Sun bears are polyoestrous; births occur throughout the year.  Genetic differences between the two subspecies are obscure.  A study in Central Borneo revealed that sun bears play an important role in the seed dispersal of Canarium pilosum (a tree in the family Burseraceae). Login. , The sun bear is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, and is included in CITES Appendix I. - Nature Picture Library helarctos malayanus euryspilus The sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) is a species in the family Ursidae occurring in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. , In the past sun bears ranged from Borneo and Sumatra in the north and Assam in the northwest to northeastern Vietnam in the northeast and at least Yunnan Province (China) in the east.  Noting the production of fertile hybrids between sun bears and sloth bears (Melursus ursinus), it was proposed that Helarctos be treated as a synonym of Melursus. Bornean Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus) in Borneo, Malaysia - マレーグマ: comprar esta foto de stock y explorar imágenes similares en Adobe Stock Helarctos malayanus euryspilus is a subspecies of mammals with 14 observations Sun Bears on Borneo (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus) are sufficiently different from those on the Asian mainland and Sumatra, representing the typical form (H. m. malayanus), as to warrant subspecific differentiation (Meijaard 2004) Nature Picture Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the world's finest photographers, to license for commercial and creative use.  In 2002, Christopher Fitzgerald and Paul Krausman (of the American Society of Mammalogists) considered the sun bear monotypic.
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