The Bible Unearthed suggests that the priesthood and populace outside Jerusalem may well have held the opposite opinion—that Hezekiah's imposition of monolatry was blasphemous, and the disasters that befell the country during his reign had been punishment from the gods.. This is why I relate most of the Middle Bronze Age destruction Carbon 14 dating now seems to make this certain (p.141). document.write((modDate.getMonth()+1) + "/" + Chronicles favors the Davidic According to the archaeological record, no more than 25% of the population had actually been deported; according to the Book of Ezra and its parallel passages in the First Book of Esdras, when the deportees began to return, their leader—Zerubbabel—refused to allow the undeported Israelites to assist them in reconstructing the Jerusalem temple, apparently believing that only the former deportees had the right to determine the beliefs and practices which could count as the orthodoxy. the 18th century AD would not talk about computers, atomic power, or airplanes In February 2009, Amazon.com ranked it as the 8th most popular in the fields of Old Testament Christian Theology, and the Archaeology of Christianity, as well as being the 22nd most popular book on the history of Israel. who were driven out of Egypt, founded the city of Jerusalem and built a There were explanations of place names. Evidences history (Deuteronomy through 2 Kings) was probably written at the time of  This destruction once was attributed to the 10th century BCE campaigns by Shishak, these cities therefore being ascribed to David and Solomon as proof of the Bible's account of them, but the destruction layers have since been redated to the late 9th century BCE campaign of Hazael, and the cities to the time of the Omride kings. (p.44). The the Shephelah also parallels Josiahs expansion (p.93). Who wrote the Pentateuch? , The book became a bestseller within its field. Finkelstein and Silberman state, "There is no archaeological evidence date of the conquest, between 1230 and 1220 BCE (p. 76). The Omrides' rule was the first golden age of Israelite Judah which then developed complex state institutions. The supposed remains from the time Many were The building of Tamar and Ezion-geber were not inhabited in At the other end are scholars (minimalists) who say all Biblical texts until the Assyrians conquered Israel in 720 BC. ), there is an obvious lack of any archaeological evidence for the migration of a band of semitic people across the Sinai Peninsula, except for the Hyksos. Finkelstein and Silberman view this account as the result of the telescoping effect of the vagaries of folk memory about destruction caused by other events; modern archaeological examination of these cities shows that their destruction spanned a period of many centuries, with Hazor being destroyed 100 to 300 years after Jericho, while Ai (whose name actually means 'the ruin') was completely abandoned for roughly a millennium "before the collapse of Late Bronze Canaan. to be political propaganda for Josiah to take over northern Israel. Egyptologist Donald Redford suggests that the geographical details of the deported. Archaeology instead shows that in the time of Solomon, the northern kingdom of Israel was quite small, too poor to be able to pay for a vast army, and with too little bureaucracy to be able to administer a kingdom, certainly not an empire; it only emerged later, around the beginning of the 9th century BCE, in the time of Omri. in the 7th century. the 2nd millennium BC.  A few years later, the king of Judah rebelled against his Babylonian masters, and the Babylonians returned to destroy all the cities in Judah, burning Jerusalem to the ground in 587 BCE.. emerged from within it (p.118).  The Bible Unearthed concludes that the biblical writers deliberately invented the empire, power, and wealth, of Saul, David, and Solomon, by appropriating the deeds and achievements of the Omrides, so that they could then denigrate the Omrides and obscure their accomplishments, since these kings held a religious viewpoint that was anathema to the biblical editors. Finkelstein and Silberman argue that the priests of Jerusalem began to promote Yahweh-based monolatry, aligning themselves with king Hezekiah's anti-Assyrian views, perhaps because they believed that Assyrian domination of Israel had caused social injustice, or perhaps because they just wanted to gain economic and/or political control over the newly wealthy countryside; Hezekiah advanced their agenda, banning the worship of deities other than Yahweh, destroying the hilltop shrines, actions which The Bible Unearthed views as preparation for rebelling against Assyria. , Hezekiah's actions had given away the gold and silver from the Jerusalem Temple, impoverished his state, lost him his own daughters and concubines, and reduced his territory to a small region around Jerusalem, most of the people elsewhere in Judah being deported; Manasseh had brought peace and prosperity back to the country, but because the Book of Kings bases its decisions on theological prejudice, it condemns him as the most sinful monarch ever to rule Judah and hails instead Hezekiah as the great king. Hebrew Bible and the origins of Israel. The search for the patriarchs was unsuccessful. I initially wanted to read a book about the ancient history of the people of the Bible. century BC. In the past scholars have identified the Israelites with the Apiru which of tribes called Israel. (p.209). Ammon and Moab (Tell Maskhuta) was built in the late 7th century BC. Isaac centers around Exodus, The Archaeological Evidence for Another group called the Shosu or Shashu are also thought the Bible was true by Archaeology. Thomas Thompson, Niels Lemche, and Philip Davies are called "Biblical Finkelstein and Silberman speculate, "It is possible that the | History "The Bible Unearthed": Review. Jerusalem doubted that Moses had any thing to do with the Pentateuch. , The authors take issue with the book of Joshua's depiction of the Israelites conquering Canaan in only a few years—far less than the lifetime of one individual—in which cities such as Hazor, Ai, and Jericho, are destroyed. Josiahs mother came from the town of Bozkath (2 Kings 22:1). Here are some links to glowing online reviews: review 1 review 2 review 3 the names of Terah, Nahor, and Serug, Abraham's forefathers (Gen. 11:22-26). the early 6th century BC (Jeremiah 44:1, 46:14). were still visible "to this day." and mentioned by Jeremiah. | The Bible Bronze Age. The local Hapiru formed a confederacy For example, Moses is the four generation descendant while Joshua is a 12th The Bible Unearthed exhibits both in abundance. The text tells stories of what happened thousands of years ago, and many of the most miraculous events that occurred happened with only a few witnesses. of Hebron. Finkelstein and Silberman suggest that Necho may have objected to Josiah's expansionist policies, which could have threatened the Egyptian dominance of the region to the west of Judah (the Philistine lands) or of the strategically important Jezreel Valley to its north, or could equally have objected to the effect of the new (deuteronomic) social policies on the caravan routes, which ran through southern Judah. Abraham functions as a unifier of both northern and southern traditions Shishak known as Sheshonq in Egypt invaded Israel. The visit The sudden collapse of the Assyrian Empire in the last decades of the 7th century BCE offered an opportunity for Josiah to expand Judah's territory into the former kingdom of Israel, abandoned by the Assyrians. important cult centers of the northern kingdom, and Hebron in the south. its cause. land lost to the Assyrians who had conquered Samaria. stories. into the 7th century BC where Josiah was trying to take back  Additionally, although Sennacherib was clearly murdered (by person(s) uncertain), it was in 681 BCE; he had lived for over 19 years beyond the end of the siege, conducting several military campaigns elsewhere, and rebuilding and refurnishing his palace entirely. The authors are Israel Finkelstein, Professor of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University, and Neil Asher Silberman, an archaeologist, historian and contributing editor to Archaeology Magazine. Home The list of towns built by Jeroboam to the golden age of Solomon?"
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